THE AUDIENCE OF THE YOUTH SCHOOL "EU ENLARGEMENT”

THE AUDIENCE OF THE YOUTH SCHOOL EU ENLARGEMENT”, Zvenigorod, 24-28 November

 
Results

 

 

Estimates EU-Russia relations 

 5

 4

 3

 2

 1

  Medium Result

1.1

External policy and defense

 

  8

22

12

 

       2,9

1.2

Economic cooperation  

 2

12

23

  5

 

       3,26

1.3

Principles of democracy, human rights 

       

  6   

17

15

 4

       2,6

1.4

Terrorism, criminality  

      

  9

21

11

 1

       2,9

1.5

Science, education, culture   

 4

24

11

  3

 

       3,69

1.6

In general

  

  8

34

  4

 

       3,23

 

 Who is guilty of the slow development of partnership and cooperation between Russia and EU? 

 

 

Ansver Variants

  Ansvers 

      %

2.1

Russia

      1

     2,1

2.2

EU

      2

     4,2

2.3

Both sides

    36

   76,7

2.4

External forces and factors

      8

   17,0

 

  What the model of future EU-Russia relations is the most probable?

 

 

Ansver variants

Ansvers

  %

3.1

Russia’s membership in the EU

      0

   0

3.2

Economic integration and political partnership without membership in the EU

    24

 57,1

3.3

Cooperation within the framework of balanced relations with the main world actors

    18

 42,9

3.4

‘Cold peace’

      0

   0

3.5

New confrontation

      0

   0

 


THE PARTICIPANTS OF THE CONFERENCE CENTERS OF INFLUENCE IN THE MODERN SYSTEM OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Institute of Europe of the RAS, 10 December 2003

Results

 

 

Estimates EU-Russia relations 

 5

 4

 3

 2

 1

Medium results

1.1

External policy and defense

 

  5

  8

 2

 2

   2,94

1.2

Economic cooperation

 

  6

  6

 4

 1

   3,0

1.3

Principles of democracy, human rights 

       

     

  6

 6

 5

   2,06

1.4

Terrorism, criminality

      

  3

  8

 3

 3

   2,65

1.5

Science, education, culture   

 1

  8

  6

 1

 1

   3,41

1.6

In general

  

  1

12

 2

 2

   2,71

 

 Who is guilty of the slow development of partnership and cooperation between Russia and EU?

 

 

Ansver variants

Ansvers

   %

2.1

Russia

      0

    0

2.2

EU

      2

    9.52

2.3

Both sides

    14

  66,67

2.4

External forces and factors

      5

  23,81

 

 What the model of future EU-Russia relations is the most probable? 

 

Ansver Variants

Ansvers

 %

3.1

Russia’s membership in the EU

      0

   0

3.2

Economic integration and political partnership without membership in the EU

    10

 62,5

3.3

Cooperation within the framework of balanced relations with the main world actors

      6

 37,5

3.4

'Cold peace'

      0

   0

3.5

New confrontation

      0

   0

 

 

EVALUATION OF QUESTIONING’S RESULTS

The audience of the Youth school ‘EU enlargement”, Zvenigorod, 24-28 November 2003, took part in the first questioning. The audience of the school – students of the upper courses and PhD students of more than 20 Russian universities were selected upon results of the competition organized by the regional AES divisions. The questioning was carried out after the training program.
The second questioning was addressed to the participants of the conference ‘Centers of influence in the modern system of international relations’, Institute of Europe of the RAS, 10 December 2003 – high qualified specialists of the Institute of Europe and other academic institutes and research centers.

Participants

Two types of respondents took part in the surveys. The first one was senior students and PhD students of more than 20 Russian universities. The survey was performed after the training courses on the topic: ‘European integration and relations between EU and Russia’ were over. The second category was high qualified research officers of the Institute of Europe and other academical institutes and research centers.

Analysis of results

We need to mention almost full coincidence of the two surveys. In fact both students and experienced experts adhere to identical opinion on all three survey sections.
All the participants critically estimated condition of the EU-Russia relations. By the youth these relations in general are estimated as mediocre. The experts estimated condition of the EU-Russia relations more strictly by all the parameters, except cooperation in the sphere of external policy and security. The dynamics of grades is similar in different spheres of cooperation. The highest grade in both categories of respondents went to ‘condition of relations in the field of science, education and culture’, and then followed cooperation in the sphere of economy, external policy and security and combating terrorism and criminality. Relations in the area of democracy and human rights go the last.
The evaluation of Russia-EU relations condition seems to be objective. ‘3’ means that cooperation has been launched, but still corresponds neither to the declared strategic partnership, nor to the cooperation potential of Russia and the EU. It is hardly can be called in question that in the sphere of education, culture and partly science cooperation is developed most actively. During the last three years certain results have been reached in cooperation in the field of external policy and security, and economic cooperation is also being developed. The grade for cooperation in combating terrorism and criminality is too high, but it becomes one the most important spheres of Russia-EU cooperation. The worst situation is with democracy and human rights. Here we not only still lack for real cooperation, but also merely for valuable dialog. Periodically the parties appear with monologues: Brussels – about violation of human rights and media freedom in Russia; Moscow – about discrimination of Russian-speaking minority in Latvia and Estonia.
The opinions of the youth and the specialists on the second question correspond – whose fault it is that the development of Russia-EU cooperation is so slow. In both cases the overwhelming majority of respondents says that it is mutual fault. At the same time the specialists who say that is the fault of only one party, point the EU as such party. While among the youth the voices have been divided between Russia and the EU. This distinction can be interpreted in two ways: either as more unbiased approach of the youth or as higher possession of information among the specialists.
The opinions of the youth and the specialists on the most possible models of the future Russia-EU relations correspond fully. They mention only two models out of five – (a) economic integration plus political partnership without Russia’s membership in the EU, and (b) cooperation in the framework of balanced relations with the major world actors. None of the respondents pointed Russia’s membership in the EU as possible scenario. By now the idea that joining the EU does not meet Russia’s national interests prevails in the Russian political and scientific circles. It is astonishing that nobody applied to the possibility of ‘cold peace’ and new confrontation. In the first place this could be expected from the experts: four of them estimated general condition of Russia-EU relations as ‘2’ and even ‘1’. Perhaps, some of the respondents intended not the most probable, but the most desirable models of the future relations.

Analysis of results Y.Borko
english translation N. Kulikova


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